7th High School of Larissa
Greece

   

    Greece, officially known as The Hellenic Republic, is the southernmost country on the European mainland. With an area of 131.940 square kilometres, Greece is about the same size as England or New York state. Greece's longest border is with the sea. Over 2,000 Greek islands are scattered about the eastern Mediterranean, roughly 200 of them inhabited. The Greek mainland shares land borders with Albania, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM), Bulgaria and Turkey.

    The climate is mostly dry and temperate, though it snows in the mountains and in the north. The mild weather and sheltered valleys of the region, along with the early development of seafaring, contributed to the rise of Ancient Greek Civilisation.

   Athens, most powerful of the ancient Greek city-states, was the world's first democracy. Nearly 40% of the country's population resides in the capital, the country's largest city and most important commercial centre

   Greece has a long and eventful history. It was part of each of the great empires - the Roman, the Byzantine and the Ottoman - that ruled the region. Greece has strong historical ties with southeastern and western Europe, Asia and Africa. At the crossroads of so many civilisations, Greece is gifted with a rich and fascinating cultural heritage. The country's turbulent history has had remarkably little effect on the Greek language. Modern Greek is easily recognisable as the language of Plato.

The Greek People 

     Although more than half the population is classified as urban, rural life retains a powerful influence. A strong sense of community and family ties prevail even in the busiest of metropolitan centres.

Language

   The vast majority of the population speak Modern Greek, a language little changed since the Classical Period. Several very small linguistic minorities speak other languages including Romany, Vlach, or Turkish.

Religion

    Most Greeks belong to the Greek Orthodox Church, which is governed by a synod of metropolitan bishops, presided over by the Archbishop of Athens. The largest religious minority is the concentration of Greek Muslims in northeastern Thrace. Some islands in the Ionian and Aegean have a significant number of Catholics. Greece's once vibrant Jewish community was nearly destroyed in World War II.

 

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7th High School of Larissa

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