7th High School of Larissa

Peneus river

Peneus - Larissa

     Peneus river is named after the god Peneus and was known for most of the 1000s as the Salambria. It rises in the Pindus Mountains and flows about 125 mi (200 km) southeast and northeast through the plain of Thessaly and the Vale of Tempe into the Gulf of Salonika.

   The Meteora region and the cities of Trikala and Larissa lie along the Peneus. In the 1960s, a freeway connecting Athens and Thessaloniki was constructed in much of the Tempe valley.

     Peneus river flows through the Prefecture of Larissa. The straits of Kalamaki, of Rodia and of Tembi have been formed as a result of the fact that the plain of Larissa began to decline (at a rate of 1.5 m every 1000 years) while Peneus river was banking up around its bed. This is how the river kept its exit to the Aegean Sea while its southern draining network was canalized into the Karla lake until it was drained.

Nowadays, the Asmaki stream is used for this purpose. During its course through the Prefecture, the tributaries Titarissio, Paliomantano, Voulgara, Sarantaporo, Elassonitiko, Xenia, Smoliotiko and Enipeas empty into Peneus river.


Peneus - Tempe

     In prehistoric times it formed a great lake before it broke through the Vale of Tempe. It is navigable in its lower course.


Peneus Delta

     The visitor will run into terrific landscape in the aquatic cluster in the month of the Peneus Delta.The vegetation is rich and unique. A lot of small boats move from the river heading for the Aegean Sea or come back to anchor in the mooring place of the banks of the river.

      Besides, thousands of birds of all species, both rare ones or not, sometimes rushing for food, other times swaying in magical movements in the air or nestling and resting in the leaves.

      The lush vegetation of the area creates ideal conditions for the fowl fiona while in the area a lot of bird species under extinction find a safe shelter during wintertime.

      The Peneus Delta is considered to be one of the most important aquatic clusters in Greece, that's why the region appears in the scientific list of the protected areas so as to be finally placed in the European Ecological Web of Natura 2000.

Greek mythology

   In Greek mythology, Peneus  was a river god, one of the three-thousand Oceanids, a child of Oceanus and Tethys.
   Apollo chased the nymph Daphne, daughter of Peneus , who had scorned him. His infatuation was caused by an arrow from Eros, who was jealous because Apollo had made fun of his archery skills. Eros also claimed to be irritated by Apollo's singing. Daphne prayed to the river god Peneus to help her and he changed her into a laurel tree, which became sacred to Apollo.


The Peneus River flows just south of Mount Olympus.

 Daphne Apollo and  Peneus



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 from 12/8/2005

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